Tales of Two Species

130 thousand years ago, the last interglacial, the Eemian, was beginning. Hippos would soon be thriving in the Thames.

Neanderthals at Krapina, Croatia, were making jewelry out of eagle talons. The talons, and a great many fossils (fragmented remains of dozens of Neanderthal individuals, the most ever found in one place) and stone tools, were discovered over 100 years ago. But only this year were the talons shown to have been strung together as a necklace.

And further west, discoveries at Gibraltar and in Morocco show that Neanderthals and modern humans were living within a few tens of miles of one another, on either side of the Gibraltar Strait.

And only a little later, we’ll see evidence for closer contact in the Near East.


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